The Cornea, Corneal Diseases & Surgery in Portland, Maine
To understand Corneal Diseases and Surgery it is necessary to know about the structure and the functioning of the Cornea. The Cornea is an important structure of the eye that functions in a number of ways to help provide clear vision. It is the clear outermost skin of the eye which acts as a “lens” to focus light rays into the eye. Normally it is about the size and thickness of a dime and is curved in a domed shape. It is critical for the Cornea to maintain its transparency as well as its shape in order to function properly. When light strikes the cornea, it focuses or refracts the incoming light onto the Crystalline Lens of the eye. The Crystalline Lens further focuses that light onto the Retina, a layer of light sensing cells lining the back of the eye. For you to see clearly, light rays must be precisely focused by the Cornea and Crystalline Lens to create a sharp image on the Retina. The Retina absorbs the light rays, and sends a signal to the brain where it is interpreted as vision. The Cornea also serves as a filter, screening out some of the most damaging ultraviolet (UV) wavelengths in sunlight. Without this protection, the Lens and the Retina would be highly susceptible to injury from UV radiation. Finally, the Cornea shields the internal structures of the eye from invasion, microorganisms, dust and debris.
There are a number of eye diseases, conditions or problems that can affect the functioning of the cornea and thus your ability to see clearly. These can include:
- Eye Injuries
- Eye Infections
- Inherited Familial or Genetic Conditions
- Age Related Changes
It is often possible to treat these conditions with eye drops or other medications, various types of surgery, or contact lenses. Certain conditions may not be resolved with medications and may require corneal replacement or transplantation. At Eyecare Medical Group, Adam Sise, M.D. is a Fellowship trained Corneal Specialist. This means that in addition to the extensive education and training that he completed to become an eye surgeon, or Ophthalmologist, Dr. Sise completed additional training to provide specialized medical and surgical care to treat corneal disease.
Thus as a Corneal Specialist, Dr. Sise provides consultation, diagnosis, and treatment for the full range of medical and surgical conditions affecting the anterior segment of the eye. These include infections of the cornea, corneal dystrophies, corneal trauma and scarring, cataract, keratoconus, pterygium, and dry eye syndrome.
If you or a family member or friend needs information or an appointment regarding Corneal Diseases & Surgery, please take a moment to call Eyecare Medical Group in Portland, Maine at 888-374-2020.
Eyecare Medical Group Cornea Specialists offer eye exams for all types of corneal Disease & Surgery in Maine. We are conveniently located for patients from Auburn, Augusta, Bangor, Bath, Berwick, Biddeford, Bridgton, Brunswick, Cape Neddick, Casco Bay, Cumberland Center, Eliot, Freeport, Gardiner, Kennebunk, Kennebunkport, Kittery, Lewiston, Old Orchard Beach, Portland, Sanford, Scarborough, South Portland, Springvale, Topsham, Waterville, Westbrook, Winslow, Wiscasset, Yarmouth, Portland, Skowhegan and York Maine.