What Causes Glaucoma Portland, Maine

By Robert Daly, M.D.

Most patients-especially if they are over 40 or 50 years of age begin to concern themselves with evaluating their risk for various diseases including Glaucoma. Everyone is at risk for Glaucoma, however there are a number of factors that by themselves can predispose you to developing Glaucoma, and others that when combined can predispose you to increased risk. They may include:

High Intraocular Pressure
If you have a high intraocular pressure (IOP) you are considered to be at risk for developing Glaucoma.

The incidence of Glaucoma increases with age and becomes much more frequent after the age of 40. In fact you are six times more likely to get Glaucoma if you are over 60 years of age-even if you have no other family or medical history that is significant.

African-Americans have certain genetic factors that cause a higher likelihood of developing Glaucoma. In fact they have a six to eight fold increase in risk for Glaucoma. Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness in African-Americans. Asians appear to have higher risk for developing Narrow Angle Glaucoma. In addition, Hispanics over the age of 60 seem to be at increased risk.

Some patients who are nearsighted may have anatomical features that can increase the risk of Glaucoma.

Hypertension or High Blood Pressure
If you are taking medication for high blood pressure you may be at greater risk for Glaucoma due to the lowering of the blood pressure within the optic nerve.

If you are being treated for diabetes you are considered to be at greater risk for Glaucoma due to the general circulation problems associated with diabetes.

Family History
If anyone in your family has Glaucoma, this is a very significant risk factor. If any other family members have been diagnosed with Glaucoma, your risk of developing Glaucoma increases four to nine fold over the general population. This is particularly true for siblings of Glaucoma patients have a 5-fold increase in risk for developing Glaucoma.

In addition to these factors, if you have had trauma to your eyes (i.e. a sports injury or car accident) or if you have been treated for Asthma for long periods of time with steroid inhalers, you too may have an increased risk for Glaucoma.

Glaucoma is a very complex eye disease and not simply an elevated Intraocular Pressure (IOP). Nonetheless, when detected early it can be successfully treated. Eyecare Medical Group eye doctors and our Glaucoma specialists provide the full scope of advanced technology diagnostic testing and treatment, as well as taking the time necessary to give each patient the personal education needed to fully understand their condition and get the best possible outcomes for their patients.

If you or a family member or friend have not had a recent Glaucoma screening or eye exam for Glaucoma, please take a moment to request an appointment by calling Eyecare Medical Group in Portland, Maine at 888-374-2020.

Eyecare Medical Group can help you better understand your risk of Glaucoma as related to your Glaucoma risk factors and provides diagnosis and treatment of Glaucoma in Maine. We are conveniently located for patients from Auburn, Augusta, Bangor, Bath, Berwick, Biddeford, Bridgton, Brunswick, Cape Neddick, Casco Bay, Cumberland Center, Eliot, Freeport, Gardiner, Kennebunk, Kennebunkport, Kittery, Lewiston, Old Orchard Beach, Portland, Sanford, Scarborough, South Portland, Springvale, Topsham, Waterville, Westbrook, Winslow, Wiscasset, Yarmouth, Portland, Skowhegan and York Maine.

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